Surge in Cooling Networks 

Condenser heat exchanger cooling water circuits often represent major inertial systems with very large flows at high velocities. Safe control of this inertia is essential to avoid disaster.

Safe inertial control on startup, pump switching, power failure, and system priming is essential. Accurate positioning selection and setting for vacuum breakers and air relief valves is vital.

Often fluid control issues can impact significantly on process security and safety of other systems.

Control of induced air is often of prime concern.